Free Verse: Poetry that does not rhyme or have regular rhythm
Imagism: A movement in early 20th-century English and American poetry which sought clarity of expression through the use of precise images
Sestina: Has thirty-nine lines in seven stanzas. The first six stanzas are six lines long with the seventh stanza having three lines. The last word of each line in the first stanza, is repeated in varying order in the next five stanzas, ending with a three line "envoi"/tornada involving all six repeated words.
Haiku: Japanese poem of seventeen syllables, in three lines of five, seven and five
Spenserian Sonnet: Edmund Spenser employed an a-b-a-b, b-c-b-c, c-d-c-d, e-e rhyme scheme - as evidenced in his Amoretti sequence. This form has not been particularly popular.
Monologue: A long speech by one person/actor, Greek-monologos: "speaking alone"
Pantoum: A series of quatrains rhyming ABAB, with four-line stanzas in which lines 2 and 4 of one stanza are used in lines 1 and 3 of the next
Villanelle: A pastoral or lyrical poem of nineteen lines, with only two rhymes throughout, and some lines repeated
Ode: A poem expressing noble feelings, often addressed to a person or celebrating an event
Elegy: A mournful poem, typically a lament for the dead
External Form: Poems organized into stanzas-groups of lines divided from other groups by white space on the page
Internal Structure: "Proper words in proper places"- Jonathan Swift
Language: The poets word choice or diction of a poem
Setting: Specific time and place
Situation: What is happening? Where? To whom? Why?
Speaker: Express ideas or feelings very different from the poet's own
Tone: The attitude of the speaker towards the subject